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What is ICANN?

ICANN stands for Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. It is a non-profit organization that develops and enforces a policy on Internet identifiers. ICANN manages the registration of DNS registrars and is responsible for handling all domain name disputes.

The history of ICANN

ICANN is a community of volunteers from around the world, whose goal is to allow the web to be stable and secure. The organization was founded in 1998 to help the US government maintain certain internet functions.

Since then, the U.S. government has recognized the need to globalize Internet management. He has therefore transferred control and management of the web to ICANN.

ICANN now plays a key role in the Internet infrastructure. It maintains the central registry of IP addresses and manages the domain name system (DNS). However, ICANN is not responsible for controlling content on the Internet, user access or malware control.

The organization currently manages more than four billion URLs and more than 180 million domain names across 240 countries and sovereign states.

The 3 pillars of ICANN

Community: This pillar of ICANN has three support organizations and four advisory committees. Support agencies develop policies for different types of IP addresses and top-level domains (LTDs). Advisory committees provide advice to stakeholders on operations, activities and administration. These stakeholders include individual Internet users and government groups, as well as those responsible for security and the root server system.
Board of Directors: This select board is composed of 16 voting members and 5 non-voting members. Council members are selected from a variety of community groups, but must serve the best interests of ICANN and the public good as a whole. For this reason, they are considered separate from other members of the ICANN community.
Staff: Members of this pillar help implement policies that have been approved by the Board. In addition, they provide administrative support to support organizations and advisory committees, as well as policy development assistance.

Updated on: 20/04/2023

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